She has received fellowships from the American Philosophical Society, British Academy, Folger Institute, Huntington Library, Institute for Humane Studies, and the Mellon Foundation. When it was known who was the author, the Dissenters were hardly less indignant than the High Churchmen. Gathered by William Peterfield Trent, a Columbia University professor, and acquired by the library in 1929, the collection also includes pamphlets from the times of William and Mary, Queen Anne, and George the First as well as works by John Dunton, Jonathan Swift, John Oldmixon, and John Toland, numerous tracts dealing with the Sacheverell controversy, and a long run of pamphlets concerning the Dissenters or Nonconformists. There are numerous superb scholarly biographies on Defoe and his work that will allow you to explore at greater length his life, and the impressive variety of his work, both in terms of subject matter and genre. The deliberate and dangerous lewdness of Defoe is one of the most deplorable things in letters. Attendants even learned that during the 18th century, chamber pots often featured the images and names of controversial celebrities. The Society sponsors Digital Defoe: Studies in Defoe and His Contemporaries, which is co-edited by Ellison, and has 16 officers who are respected scholars in the field of 18th-century studies more broadly.
This study establishes Defoe as a crucial figure between James Harrington and David Hume in the evolution of theories about war and property, conquest and commerce, religious toleration and civil society. Daniel Defoe, William Hone, and The Right Divine of Kings to Govern Wrong! New York: Chelsea House, 1987. She has also written for the Johnsonian News Letter, and the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies Criticks website. There is no space left to deal with his other works. Berkeley and Los Angeles: U of California P, 1962. Synopsis This book offers a comprehensive analysis of Defoe's oeuvre from the perspective of the historian.
Defoe's youth was marked by the plague, the great fire of London, a series of wars with the Dutch, and the persecution of Dissenters. For two years he was homeless and fugitive; it is not asserted, however, that he was in actual distress at the time of his death. In recognition of his services as a pamphleteer, the post of accountant to the Commissioners of the Glass Duty was given to him. But language is a genius. On Defoe's birth, see J. It is the objective of this society to find creative new ways to facilitate this scholarship and to open new avenues of collaboration.
The Earl of Nottingham resigned office in 1704, and was succeeded by Robert Harley, afterward Earl of Oxford. And, further, is it impossible to write a textbook or a study guide which connects the text and context from the beginning and does not see them as separate parts or stages of the process? Primarily an intellectual historian with a focus on British political, religious, and historical thought, Clark's research interests extend beyond the discipline of history to include the study of literature as well as art and architectural history. In addition to writing some of the first English novels, Defoe was a prolific political pamphleteer and is considered by many to be a founder of modern journalism. Defoe also wrote about contemporary religious issues, and was charged with libel for one pamphlet that responded to a proposed bill to outlaw occasional conformity, the Shortest Way with the Dissenters 1702. The books in the series are divided into two sections. As Defoe wrote the works that we are most familiar with now— Robinson Crusoe 1719 , Moll Flanders 1722 , Colonel Jack 1722 , Journal of the Plague Year 1722 , and Roxana 1724 —he was also producing numerous innovative texts in widely varied genres and on very different themes.
Novak has pointed out, this diversification was typical for a business man in a time of a shifting national economy Master of Fictions 77. For those with access to the online Oxford Dictionary of Biography, you might also want to check out its excellent, brief biography of Defoe, contributed by Paula R. Social Media Editor Corrina Readioff is a PhD student at the University of Liverpool. For example, alongside the significant number of political pamphlets and essays produced, he published travel literature, such as The Tour thro' the Whole Island of Great Britain 1724-6 , commentaries on religion, such as the satirical Political History of the Devil 1726 , and self-help manuals, like The Family Instructor 1715. He was pilloried simply, and for three days successively, stood in Cornhill, in Cheapside, and at Temple Bar, where our illustration exhibits him.
His pen, moreover, was ceaselessly employed; the titles of the productions of a single month would more than fill the slender space allotted me. The Cambridge Companion to Daniel Defoe. Acknowledgements Introduction Establishing A Voice: Defoe's First Steps from Failed Tradesman to Successful Author 'The Mushroom and the Oak': Dissent and the Church of England, 1697-1705 Jure Divino : Defoe, Locke and Milton, and Political Theory Defoe and the Union of 1707: Constructing a British Identity Correspondence, Credit and Commerce: Defoe and the Stability of Meaning, 1709-13 Robinson Crusoe: Orthodox Penitent The Perils of Consumption and the Decline of Family Government Defoe's Historical Vision: Commerce and Gentility in the 1720s The Devil and Daniel Defoe: History in a Heterodox Age Conclusion Select Bibliography Index This book offers a comprehensive analysis of Defoe's oeuvre from the perspective of the historian. His current research interests include environmental writing in the long eighteenth century, narratives of the British empire, and early modern political theory. Its evidentiary base includes a unique archive of family papers extending from the medieval to the modern period as well as the family's legacy in literature, the built environment, and the decorative arts. Another of his writing ventures was a newspaper, The Review, which was, as Paula R.
This entry has only briefly touched on a few key facts about Daniel Defoe. William Hone: His Life and Times. The Tory party had approved with complacency while they thought the piece a serious proposal. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1957. The book, therefore, provides an informative guide to the Defovian novel that will enable students to study and understand its literary characteristics. Retaliation is also prohibited by university policy. The interaction between text and contexts and the overall method of close reading makes this kind of question difficult for students to answer.
Defoe, most well known for his authorship of the Robinson Crusoe trilogy, Roxana, Moll Flanders, Journal of the Plague Year, and Captain Singleton, was a businessperson, spy, political activist, Royal Society participant, economist, climatologist, pamphleteer, publisher, public health organizer, amateur astronomer, and world traveler. Life of Daniel Defoe: A Critical Biography. He also concentrates on how all three protagonists, Robinson, Moll, and Roxana, are preoccupied with money, earning and saving, although economic activity always seems to involve immorality, and how Defoe is highly critical of the social and commercial conventions governing gender roles, sexuality, and marriage. . Daniel Defoe: The Novels, by Nicholas Marsh. Letter from John Childs to William Hone, February 1, 1819, British Library, Add. In particular, classic studies such as G.
Sir Walter Scott has pointed out that Defoe was known to the great circumnavigator Dampier, and he assumes with good reason that he drew many hints from the conversation and recollections of that fine seaman. The misidentification of Defoe as a Lockeian acolyte and celebrator of 'modernity' has obscured the theological underpinnings of his political and socio-economic thought. But don't let him go to chapel one Sunday and church the next. In addition, there are hundreds of unique pamphlets as well as numerous sole copies extant of Robinson Crusoe, Moll Flanders, and Roxana. Nothing was then talked about but the union of the two kingdoms; on both sides of the Tweed the masses of the people were crazy with the excitement of the subject. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. He had read Steele's story of that man lonely in the South Sea island, and Woodes Roger's account of the discovery of him.