That is all I can say about that. Fluoridation has been adopted on a world-wide scale. Prior to attaining the threshold of adverse effects of fluoride from optimally fluoridated water in conjunction with intake from all other normal sources of fluoride, water toxicity would be the concern, not fluoride. What I stated was that your objection to fluoridation is not grounded in science, it is grounded in personal ideology. One striking finding in this paper was that the incidence of hip fracture was highest in the communities which had been fluoridated for 5 years or less, with no increase in fracture incidence actually a slight decline as the duration of fluoridation increased up to 26 years or more. There is no practical substitute for fluoridation. This is what the learned judge said: I reject the evidence of Professor Gordonoff, of Dr.
Local, regional and national studies carried out in the decades since have all confirmed that children and adults living in fluoridated areas in Ireland have significantly fewer decayed teeth. Questions about exercise and activity, calcium and vitamin D intake, overall health status, other sources of fluoride, use of other medication, and general standards of osteoporosis medical practice in the studied communities have to be addressed before the results of the inconclusive epidemiological studies can be confirmed. The other four areas involved happen to be in Wales, and there, when the result came out, it showed what one expected from the large amount of statistical evidence, which I agree had come mainly from America: that in the areas where fluorine content was high the amount of dental caries was considerably lower than it was in the areas where the fluorine content was low. This question has been raised time after time in the United States of America, and anxious people have written, for example, to the American Medical Association. Since 1989 a number of papers have examined the relationship between the exposure to fluoride in the drinking water in communities and attempted to relate this to the risk of hip fracture.
Much knowledge has been gained in the intervening years. The Terms of Reference for the Panel focussed the work on scientific literature produced since 1989. This association cannot be construed as clear cut deterministic cause - effect relationship and much more research will be needed to clarify very complex relationship between fluoride intake and human health. This was challenged by the fluoride promoters in Ohio, but later they were forced to admit this is the truth. A comparison is made with Plauen, city with F poor. The hydrolysis of hydrofluorosilic acid is immediate and complete. That effect occurs when children ingest more fluoride than their bodies can handle with the metabolic processes we were born with, and their teeth are damaged as a result.
Milk fluoridation schemes have been pioneered most notably in the United Kingdom and in Chile. They are responsible for the safe and economical operation, maintenance, and supervision of water distribution, water treatment, wastewater collection and wastewater treatment facilities, in accord with directives from local officials under whose jurisdictions those facilities reside, while ensuring full compliance with all pertinent local, state, and federal laws and regulations. I found myself in favor of forced fluoridation, but it was partly because I refused to listen to the science presented by the anti-fluoridation experts. We don't need you useless eaters because we have our fortunes, our gated communities, our body guards and the police and military to protect our luxury wealth from you. I do not know enough about that to pronounce any judgment. But then she exposed those that fought her and the results of her research.
Of these, 1,000 communities have been receiving fluoridised water for over ten years, and there are a further 1,900 communities, comprising a population of 7,500,000, whose water supplies contain fluoride naturally. Other studies emphasize that cohorts with lower socioeconomic status are deprived of high quality nutrition and as a consequence are exposed to increased health risks from fluoride exposure. Every time the matter comes up before the unfortunate councillors, who are by no means necessarily so skilled in assessing highly technical evidence, and certainly have not the benefit of the speech of my noble friend Lord Cohen of Birkenhead, it makes it very hard indeed for them. Toxicity of Fluoride As stated above, all substances have the potential to produce toxic effects if a sufficient amount is ingested and absorbed. I agree with the noble Lord; I do not think there is an effective substitute. Colquhoun's Presentation, February 25, 1998, Length: 1:16:30. In 1989 there were 684 women still living in same communities as earlier.
There is no practical way of ensuring that hundreds of thousands of children will take them day after day, or that their parents will insist upon their so doing. Whether fluoride is an essential nutrient is irrelevant to the prevention of dental disease by water fluoridation. Many of the most common technologies — such as reverse osmosis, deionization and activated alumina — cost in the hundreds of dollars. It has been said that fluoridation renders water impure. They include a recommendation for families with youngsters under 8 to consider alternate sources of drinking water, or filtering their water, if they live in communities where fluoride occurs naturally at levels above 2 ppm.
Although these data do demonstrate that high doses of fluoride may have the potential for adverse effects, there is no evidence for neurotoxicity at levels associated with water fluoridation. While we were talking about this, my noble friend Lord Hughes whispered to me that he thought even water could be very dangerous if added too extensively to whisky. The best caries prevention is brushing the teeth, and proper diet and nutrition, and education on proper oral hygiene. Here is on Fluoride from Australia. I got the impression that they were determined at all costs to make a case against fluoridation. There were many sources, including glass, brick, enamel and ceramic tile; but the worst offenders were the iron and copper smelters.
Its donations are funneled through the nonprofit American Environmental Health Studies Project. The first is that dental decay is a major and a serious national problem. Therefore I do rot want to disagree with anybody. . This study showed that those living in areas where mottled teeth were commonest tended to have much less dental decay.
In Calgary, average levels in the pretreatment water supply from Bearspaw and Glenmore treatment plants air approximately 0. So, if you poison the gut, it affects your entire nervous system, your sense of reasoning, and your senses. Because the fluoride is excreted through the kidneys, people with renal insufficiency would have impaired renal clearance of fluoride. In the metabolism of the thyroid hormone, fluorinated as well as chlorinated compounds poison the enzyme deiodinase, which converts the far less active T4 hormone to the more active T3 that the body relies on for proper health and energy! The major public health advantage cited by proponents of fluoridation of drinking supplies is the prevention of cavities and tooth decay. In 1946, it was rented from the Government by Reynolds Metals who demanded that air-cleaning equipment first be Installed. Many of these studies are ecological geographic in nature and have reported conflicting results; some suggesting a weak association between residing in the fluoridated communities and an increased risk of hip fracture, some reporting no association, whilst others finding a negative association.